I received a reading list by FG training team a couple of weeks ago and I am working my way through it as preparation for my teacher training. One of the books on this list is ‘The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali’ – Translation and Commentary by Sri Swami Satchidananda. I was killing time on a plane when I read it a couple of days ago and this sutra stayed with me:
maitrī karuṇā mudito-pekṣāṇāṁ-sukha-duḥkha puṇya-apuṇya-viṣayāṇāṁ bhāvanātaḥ citta-prasādanam (Yoga Sutra 1.33, Patanjali).
Below is a translation and comment by Sri Swami Satchidananda taken form the book:
“By cultivating the attitudes of friendliness toward the happy, compassion for the unhappy, delight in the virtuous and disregard toward the wicked, the mind-stuff retains its undistributed calmness.
Whether you are interested in reaching samadhi or plan to ignore Yoga entirely, I would advise you to remember at least this one sutra. It will be very helpful to you in keeping a peaceful mind in your daily life. You may not have any great goal in your life, but just try to follow this one sutra very well and you will see its efficacy. In my own experience, this sutra became my guiding light to keep my mind serene always….
…So Patanjali gives for keys: friendliness, compassion, delight and disregard. There are only four kinds of locks in the world. Keep these four keys always with you, and when you come across any one of these four locks, you will have the proper key to open it. What are these four locks? Sukha, duhkha, punya and apunya – the happy people, unhappy people, the virtuous and the wicked. At any given moment, you can fit any person into one of these four categories…
…So have these four attitudes: friendliness, compassion, gladness and indifference. These four keys should always be with you in your pocket. If you use the right key with the right person you will retain your peace. Nothing in the world can upset you then. Remember, our goal is to keep a serene mind. From the very beginning of Patanjali’s Sutras we are reminded of that. And, this sutra will help us a lot.”
So! Do you have all four of your keys? Do you use them? Are you proficient or do you come to a lock and then keep trying all of them until one works? I’d love to know. I know one of my keys is super rusty and I need to start using it more often…. Food for thought.